Monero Hard Fork and RandomX: Make CPU Mining Great Again


Monero (XMR) has efficiently hardforked on November thirtieth, at block quantity 1978433. The fork has modified the CryptoNightR mining algorithm to the brand new RandomX Proof-of-Work algorithm.  

Though the primary goal of the improve was maintaining Monero utterly immune to ASIC mining, thus sustaining the coin decentralized, RandomX has basically moved XMR mining to CPU, which isn’t any much less necessary.

What’s the arduous fork about?

Being one of many high cryptocurrencies by market capitalization, Monero for positive is likely one of the hottest cash in the meanwhile, not least due to excessive stage of privateness safety and technological development. The crew behind Monero has constantly put their greatest effort into maintaining XMR mining decentralized.

The earlier mining algorithm, CryptoNightR, served the aim properly till the first Bitmain ASIC miners for the CryptoNightR have been developed. This result in Monero crew growing and implementing the brand new RandomX algorithm which changed the CryptoNightR, improving Monero community with particular emphasis on its decentralization and operation.

The important thing pillars of RandomX are the next:

  • ASIC miners are faraway from the XMR community, together with the problems of botnets and Monero mining malware.
  • Lengthy Fee IDs are phased out Monero tweeted:  “As well as, we shall be phasing out lengthy fee IDs throughout this scheduled community improve.” As a reality, Monero is turning into extra privacy-protective, enhancing its privateness and usability for customers.
  • Ten blocks lock time, which is roughly 20 minutes, is enforced for the incoming transactions, growing privateness for the entire community.
  • Transactions require no less than two outputs to enhance information safety.

Why is it notably necessary for CPU miners?

Because the identify suggests, RandomX options random code execution in addition to memory-hard methods to discourage ASIC mining. Nevertheless, ASIC miners will not be the one ones affected by the arduous fork: the brand new algorithm is specifically optimized for CPU mining.

With the give attention to CPUs, Monero builders imagine that “the community will turn out to be extra decentralized and egalitarian within the distribution of block rewards.”

These latest adjustments are of explicit significance for all laptop computer miners, which have been experiencing diminished effectivity of their mining {hardware}: for them, RandomX may be an actual game-changer.

The RandomX CPU & GPU benchmarks are offered for reference solely and could differ relying on number of elements:


To sum up, RandomX has resulted in vital effectivity good points for CPU miners whereas drastically decreasing the advantages of GPU mining. That is nice information for each skilled miners that aren’t keen on the concept of spending a fortune on specialised {hardware} and newcomers which are within the very begin of their mining profession. 

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